Civil War & Reconstruction Civil War Second Union Occupation Maj. General Oliver Otis Howard

Maj. General Oliver Otis Howard

At the end of his April 4-10, 1863 visit to the Army of the Potomac in Stafford, Lincoln sat in the headquarters’ tent of Major General Oliver Otis Howard, commanding the XI Army Corps. Looking up, Lincoln saw the first verse of the 23rd Psalm written on a board.  Howard, known as “The Christian General” had a different verse placed there daily.  They discussed the verse, “The Lord is my Shepherd, I shall not want.”  When Lincoln left he realized he had found his man to run one of the cornerstone organizations his planned national “Reconstruction,” the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, or most commonly the “Freedmen’s’ Bureau.” 

Howard’s tent was near the Stafford Courthouse.  Howard University Lincoln Memorial University in Tennessee were both founded by Howard.

Stafford County Courthouse

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